Urban cooling solutions
North Macedonia

The United Nations estimates that by 2050, roughly 70% of the world's population will live in urban areas, many of which are increasingly exposed to high temperatures and humidity levels. There is a need to find ways to address the urban heat island effect, particularly as extreme heat events become more frequent and intense due to climate change.


The UNDP Accelerator Lab in North Macedonia has compiled the following collection of desk notes on urban cooling solutions from around the world. These range from policy measures, to infrastructure design and architecture, to technological solutions. Each note includes a short description of the solution, some high-level geographic information, a link to the solution’s official webpage or mention in the media, and one or more images that illustrate the solution.


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